VDB DAX Function (Financial)

Returns the depreciation of an asset for any period you specify, including partial periods, using the double-declining balance method or some other method you specify. VDB stands for variable declining balance.


VDB ( <Cost>, <Salvage>, <Life>, <Start_period>, <End_period> [, <Factor>] [, <No_switch>] )
Parameter Attributes Description

The initial cost of the asset.


The value at the end of the depreciation (sometimes called the salvage value of the asset). This value can be 0.


The number of periods over which the asset is depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset).


The starting period for which you want to calculate the depreciation. Start_period must use the same units as life.


The ending period for which you want to calculate the depreciation. End_period must use the same units as life.

Factor Optional

The rate at which the balance declines. If factor is omitted, it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining balance method).

No_switch Optional

A logical value specifying whether to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation.

Return values

Scalar A single decimal value.

Last update: Jul 12, 2024   » Contribute   » Show contributors

Contributors: Alberto Ferrari, Marco Russo

Microsoft documentation: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dax/vdb-function-dax

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Context Transition

This function performs a Context Transition if called in a Row Context. Click to read more.

Row Context

This expression is executed in a Row Context. Click to read more.


Not recommended

The use of this function is not recommended. See Remarks and Related functions for alternatives.

Not recommended

The use of this parameter is not recommended.


This function is deprecated. Jump to the Alternatives section to see the function to use.


A volatile function may return a different result every time you call it, even if you provide the same arguments. Click to read more.


This parameter is deprecated and its use is not recommended.

DirectQuery compatibility

Limitations are placed on DAX expressions allowed in measures and calculated columns.
The state below shows the DirectQuery compatibility of the DAX function.


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