# VAR.PDAX Function (Statistical)

Calculates variance based on the entire population. Ignores logical values and text in the population.

## Syntax

VAR.P ( <ColumnName> )
Parameter Attributes Description
ColumnName

A column that contains values corresponding to a population.

## Return values

Scalar A single decimal value.

A number with the variance of the entire population.

## Remarks

VAR.P assumes that the column refers to the entire population.

To compute the variance with a sample of the population, use VAR.S.

The VAR.P function internally executes VARX.P, without any performance difference.
The following VAR.P call:

```VAR.P ( table[column] )
```

corresponds to the following VARX.P call:

```VARX.P (
table,
table[column]
)
```
» 1 related article
» 3 related functions

## Examples

```--  Computes the variance over a table of values
--
--  VAR.P : variance over the entire population
--  VAR.S : variance over a sample of the entire population
--
--  VARX is an iterator, VAR is the simplified version in case
--  you are using a single column
DEFINE
TABLE SampleData = { 2, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 7, 9 }
EVALUATE
{
( "VAR.P",  VAR.P ( SampleData[Value] ) ),
( "VAR.S",  VAR.S ( SampleData[Value] ) ),
( "VARX.P", VARX.P ( SampleData, SampleData[Value] ) ),
( "VARX.S", VARX.S ( SampleData, SampleData[Value] ) ),
( "VARX.P", VARX.P ( Sales, Sales[Quantity] * Sales[Net Price] ) ),
( "VARX.S", VARX.S ( Sales, Sales[Quantity] * Sales[Net Price] ) )
}

-- The STDEV.S over SampleData is very different from STDEV.P because the
-- set is small (8 rows for the population, 8 rows for the sample)
-- When applied to Sales, the difference is smaller because
-- the set used has 100,000 rows

```
Value1 Value2
VAR.P 4.00
VAR.S 4.57
VARX.P 4.00
VARX.S 4.57
VARX.P 346,327.15
VARX.S 346,330.61

## Related articles

• Statistical Patterns

DAX includes a few statistical aggregation functions, such as average, variance, and standard deviation. Other typical statistical calculations require you to write longer DAX expressions. Excel, from this point of view, has a much richer language. The Statistical Patterns are a collection of common statistical calculations: median, mode, moving average, percentile, and quartile. » Read more

## Related functions

Other related functions are:

Last update: Sep 12, 2021     » Show contributors

Contributors: Alberto Ferrari, Marco Russo

Microsoft documentation: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dax/var-p-function-dax

# Context Transition

This function performs a Context Transition if called in a Row Context. Click to read more.

# Row Context

This expression is executed in a Row Context. Click to read more.

# Not recommended

The use of this function is not recommended. See Remarks and Related functions for alternatives.

# Not recommended

The use of this parameter is not recommended.

# Deprecated

This function is deprecated. Jump to the Alternatives section to see the function to use.

# Deprecated

This parameter is deprecated and its use is not recommended.

# DirectQuery compatibility

Limitations are placed on DAX expressions allowed in measures and calculated columns.
The state below shows the DirectQuery compatibility of the DAX function.

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