RANDBETWEEN DAX Function (Math and Trig) Volatile

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify.


RANDBETWEEN ( <Bottom>, <Top> )
Parameter Attributes Description

The smallest integer RANDBETWEEN will return.


The largest integer RANDBETWEEN will return.

Return values

Scalar A single integer value.

A random integer number between Bottom and Top, which are included in the range of the possible integer results.
If Bottom is greater than Top, then RANDSBETWEEN raises an error.

» 1 related function


--  RAND returns a random number between 0 and 1
--  RANDBETWEEN returns a random number between 
--  the two provide boundaries
    VAR Vals = GENERATESERIES ( 1, 10, 1 )
VAR Random = 
        "RAND",        RAND (),
        "RANDBETWEEN", RANDBETWEEN (-[Value], +[Value] )
        ( "Random Average (around 0.5)",  AVERAGEX ( Random, [RAND] ) ),
        ( "RandBetween Avg (near 0)",      AVERAGEX ( Random, [RANDBETWEEN] ) ),
        ( "RandBetween Min (near -10000)", MINX ( Random, [RANDBETWEEN] ) ),
        ( "RandBetween Max (near  10000)", MAXX ( Random, [RANDBETWEEN] ) )
1 0.31 0
2 0.87 2
3 0.54 0
4 0.91 1
5 0.24 3
6 0.40 2
7 0.39 -6
8 0.40 6
9 0.99 -6
10 0.41 1
Value1 Value2
Random Average (around 0.5) 0.55
RandBetween Avg (near 0) 0.30
RandBetween Min (near -10000) -6.00
RandBetween Max (near 10000) 6.00

Related functions

Other related functions are:

Last update: May 23, 2024   » Contribute   » Show contributors

Contributors: Alberto Ferrari, Marco Russo, Kenneth Barber

Microsoft documentation: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dax/randbetween-function-dax

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Context Transition

This function performs a Context Transition if called in a Row Context. Click to read more.

Row Context

This expression is executed in a Row Context. Click to read more.


Not recommended

The use of this function is not recommended. See Remarks and Related functions for alternatives.

Not recommended

The use of this parameter is not recommended.


This function is deprecated. Jump to the Alternatives section to see the function to use.


A volatile function may return a different result every time you call it, even if you provide the same arguments. Click to read more.


This parameter is deprecated and its use is not recommended.

DirectQuery compatibility

Limitations are placed on DAX expressions allowed in measures and calculated columns.
The state below shows the DirectQuery compatibility of the DAX function.


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