FIRSTDATE DAX Function (Time Intelligence)  Context Transition

Returns first non blank date.


FIRSTDATE ( <Dates> )
Parameter Attributes Description

The name of a column containing dates or a one column table containing dates.

Return values

Table A table with a single column.


In order to use any time intelligence calculation, you need a well-formed date table. The Date table must satisfy the following requirements:

  • All dates need to be present for the years required. The Date table must always start on January 1 and end on December 31, including all the days in this range. If the report only references fiscal years, then the date table must include all the dates from the first to the last day of a fiscal year. For example, if the fiscal year 2008 starts on July 1, 2007, then the Date table must include all the days from July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008.
  • There needs to be a column with a DateTime or Date data type containing unique values. This column is usually called Date. Even though the Date column is often used to define relationships with other tables, this is not required. Still, the Date column must contain unique values and should be referenced by the Mark as Date Table feature. In case the column also contains a time part, no time should be used – for example, the time should always be 12:00 am.
  • The Date table must be marked as a date table in the model, in case the relationship between the Date table and any other table is not based on the Date.
The result of time intelligence functions has the same data lineage as the date column or table provided as an argument.


The dates argument can be any of the following:

  • A reference to a date/time column. Only in this case a context transition applies because the column reference is replaced by
  • A table expression that returns a single column of date/time values.
  • A Boolean expression that defines a single-column table of date/time values.

The result table includes only dates that exist in the dates column.

The function MIN should be used instead of FIRSTDATE when the result must be a scalar value instead of a table.

» 2 related articles
» 3 related functions


--  FIRSTDATE returns the minimum date selected, as a table.
--  LASTDATE returns the maximum date, still packed into a table.
VAR StartDate = DATE ( 2008, 08, 15 )
VAR EndDate   = DATE ( 2008, 08, 31 )

        FIRSTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] ),
        'Date'[Date] >= StartDate && 'Date'[Date] <= EndDate
        LASTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] ),
        'Date'[Date] >= StartDate && 'Date'[Date] <= EndDate
--  All time intelligence function are designed to return a table
--  to be easily used in CALCULATE as a filter.
    VAR StartDate = DATE ( 2008, 01, 01 )
    VAR EndDate   = DATE ( 2008, 01, 31 )
    { ( 
        CALCULATE ( 
            [Sales Amount], 
            FIRSTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] ) -- 2008-01-01
        CALCULATE ( 
            [Sales Amount], 
            LASTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] ) -- 2008-01-31
    ) },
    'Date'[Date] >= StartDate
        && 'Date'[Date] <= EndDate

Value1 Value2
19,143.33 386.51
--  This example shows the sales in the current month
--  along with the sales in the first and last day of the month.
    MEASURE Sales[Sales first day] =
        CALCULATE (
            [Sales Amount],
            FIRSTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] )
    MEASURE Sales[Sales last day] =
        CALCULATE (
            [Sales Amount],
            LASTDATE ( 'Date'[Date] )
    'Date'[Calendar Year Month Number],
    "Sales Amount", [Sales Amount],
    "Sales first day", [Sales first day],
    "Sales last day", [Sales last day]
ORDER BY [Calendar Year Month Number]
Calendar Year Month Number Sales Amount Sales first day Sales last day
200701 794,248.24 (Blank) 9,679.45
200702 891,135.91 29,563.13 2,626.20
200911 868,164.01 951.05 887.11
200912 746,933.50 18,046.77 40,930.59

Related articles

Learn more about FIRSTDATE in the following articles:

  • Semi-Additive Measures in DAX

    Values such as inventory and balance account, usually calculated from a snapshot table, require the use of semi-additive measures. In Multidimensional you have specific aggregation types, like LastChild and LastNonEmpty. In PowerPivot and Tabular you use DAX, which is flexible enough to implement any calculation, as described in this article. » Read more

  • Understanding the difference between LASTDATE and MAX in DAX

    This article explains why in many cases, MAX should be used instead of LASTDATE to search for the last date in a time period using DAX. » Read more

Related functions

Other related functions are:

Last update: Sep 14, 2023   » Contribute   » Show contributors

Contributors: Alberto Ferrari, Marco Russo

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Context Transition

This function performs a Context Transition if called in a Row Context. Click to read more.

Row Context

This expression is executed in a Row Context. Click to read more.


Not recommended

The use of this function is not recommended. See Remarks and Related functions for alternatives.

Not recommended

The use of this parameter is not recommended.


This function is deprecated. Jump to the Alternatives section to see the function to use.


A volatile function may return a different result every time you call it, even if you provide the same arguments. Click to read more.


This parameter is deprecated and its use is not recommended.

DirectQuery compatibility

Limitations are placed on DAX expressions allowed in measures and calculated columns.
The state below shows the DirectQuery compatibility of the DAX function.


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